The Humble Administrator Garden is considered to be the finest garden in south China. The garden's site was initially the residence and garden of Lu Guimeng who was a Tang Dynasty scholar. Later it became part of the Dahong Temple. Wang Xiancheng took possession of the temple and began work on the garden in collaboration with the renowned artist Wen Zhengming. The garden symbolized Wang's desire to retire from politics and adopt a secluded hermit life.