Temple of Literature Van Mieu is Confucian temple which was formerly a center of learning in Hanoi. It is Confucian Temple, not Buddhist, and was once called Imperial Academy - Vietnam's first university. It is one of several temples in Vietnam which are dedicated to Confucius, sages and scholars. The various pavilions, halls, statues and stelae of doctors are places where offering ceremonies, study sessions and the strict exams of the Dai Viet took place. The temple is shown on the 100,000 Vietnamese Dong banknote.